Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
Nowadays, the fixed interest rate financing method is commonly used in the capitalist financial system and in a wide range of financial liability instruments, the most important of which is bond. In the Islamic financial system, using these instruments is considered as usury and has been prohibited. In fact, Islamic law, Shariah, forbids Muslims from receiving or paying off the Riba. Therefore, using customary financial instruments such as bond is not acceptable or applicable in countries which have a majority of Muslim citizens. In this paper, we introduce one financial instrument, Sukuk, as a securities-based asset under stochastic income. These securities can be traded in secondary markets based on the Shariah law. To this end, this paper will focus on the most common structure of the Islamic bond, the Ijarah and its negotiation mechanism. Then, by presenting the short-term stochastic model, we solve fixed interest rate and model the securities-based asset by the stochastic model. Finally, we approximate the resulting model by radial basis function method, as well as utilizing the Matlab software.