Document Type : Research Paper

**Authors**

Department of mathematics, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.

**Abstract**

In this paper, we present a numerical technique to deal with the one-dimensional forward-backward heat equations. First, the physical domain is divided into two non-overlapping subdomains resulting in two separate forward and backward subproblems, and then a meshless method based on multiquadric radial basis functions is employed to treat the spatial variables in each subproblem using the Kansa’s method. We use a time discretization scheme to approximate the time derivative by the forward and backward finite difference formulas. In order to have adequate boundary conditions for each subproblem, an initial approximate solution is assumed on the interface boundary, and the solution is improved by solving the subproblems in an iterative way. The numerical results show that the proposed method is very useful and computationally efficient in comparison with the previous works.

**Keywords**

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October 2021

Pages 1083-1099

**Receive Date:**17 October 2019**Revise Date:**15 May 2020**Accept Date:**17 May 2020**First Publish Date:**01 October 2021