Application of variation of parameter’s method for hydrothermal analysis on MHD squeezing nanofluid flow in parallel plates

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ahrar Institute of Technology and Higher Education, Rasht, Iran.

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Lagos, Akoka- Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.

3 Faculty of Engineering Technology, Amol University of Special Modern Technologies, Amol, Iran.

4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

5 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Nigeria.

6 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Van Yuzuncu Yil University, 65080-Campus, Van, Turkey.


In this paper, the transport of flow and heat transfer through parallel plates arranged horizontally against each other is studied. The mechanics of fluid transport and heat transfer are formulated utilizing systems of the coupled higher-order numerical model. This governing transport model is investigated by applying the variation of the parameter’s method. Result obtained from the analytical study is reported graphically. It is observed from the generated result that the velocity profile and thermal profile drop by increasing the squeeze parameter. The drop inflow is due to limitations in velocity as plates are close to each other. Also, thermal transfer due to flow pattern causes decreasing boundary layer thickness at the thermal layer, consequently drop in thermal profile. The analytical obtained result from this study is compared with the study in literature for simplified cases, this shows good agreement. The obtained results may therefore provide useful insight to practical applications including food processing, lubrication, and polymer processing industries amongst other relevant applications. 


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Volume 10, Issue 3
July 2022
Pages 580-594
  • Receive Date: 16 August 2020
  • Revise Date: 19 August 2021
  • Accept Date: 17 November 2021
  • First Publish Date: 21 November 2021